READER: Why, how and when a country fails?
EDITOR: You have asked three questions about failure of a society though all three are having one answer but have to understand in different way:
They say: Six things- Jeevan-Maran, Hani- Labh, Yash- Apyash Bidhi hath (life-death, loss- profit, fame- doom ) are in the hands of Almighty.
Everything follows a cycle: of seed-germination, growth and development, flowering and fruiting, decay and death, whether it is individual or institution, region or religion or in terms of management every product follows a definite life-cycle.
During progress, right kind of atmosphere right kind of persons, mood, energy, resources prevails along with simple rules and regulations. At peak rules and regulations become supreme and this deter right kind of atmosphere, energy and persons and as such decline starts and then there are always others available who will try to replace it and fill the gap.
- All the structures built on basic faith, spirituality and mutual trust, progresses and lasts long, whereas the towers built on babbles, shrieks, collapses early and easily.
READER: You have said much about civilization, that the modern civilization which the English have adopted is a disease and if it is so, why have they been able to take many countries, retain them or left them crippled and divided?
EDITOR: (1) God’s will. Gods game of passing the buck, i.e. shifting of supremacy from Bharat, China, Rome, England, America etc.
We call it Destiny.
In supremacy of its brevity and consequential luxury when a person or country starts talking of moon and the other world and loose contact with the ground then it happens, i.e. when country does not remain awaken or loose contact with awaken/enlightened the real saint and sages.
Generally, it happens that when one reaches to the top, s/he start undermining importance of those who are at different levels of development and forgets his/her natural duty to give respect and provide pulling force to others, consequentially such people and such civilizations may be at the top, fall down.
It is observed that crumbled civilization generally talks of their once upon supremacy and for sufficient time remains in that amnesia (nostalgic feeling), and during this period others used to take away even the scrap of the crumbled richness to build their empire, leaving the occupant in amnesia making them more weak and helpless.
In India and China, these things did happen in last twenty five hundred years with some reprieve in between. After the disciples (which includes kings as well) of Buddha who preached peace and send messengers for world peace; however this attracted mercenaries reducing us to pieces and looted gold and sleep of the golden bird.
Though the mind motions the matter but it is the physical form, the body, which contains the mind. In last twenty five hundred, we talked much about mind and mind game without bothering about the body, the geography and hence the current situation of division and tendency toward further division. We talk relentlessly of Ram, of Krishna and all other god and goddesses who killed/punished the evil doers but in last twenty five hundred years we talked more but acted less resulting in all the attacks and consequent loses and slavery and followed by fractured freedom.
(6) Nobody can make you slave, option of getting killed while opposing is always open to everybody. English has not taken the world in its stride; but it is the world which has allowed them to give in. Direct presence of England in India is not because of their strength but because we considered ourselves weak. We called them and kept them to become rich at once or for display of false strength to our immediate neighbor.
(7) When you lose, it is automatic that winner will retain you, and retain you till you develop strength to drive them out or they loses interest in you. Whatever may be the cause, the winner will leave you crippled, divided, confused and fighting among them so that you do not develop strength to counter him at later date.
(8) As far as English are concerned, they are fearful society, to subside their fear they like to overpower other or kill all other whether it is mosquito, lizard, monkey, donkey, shark or snakes or people of other countries. Further to subside their insecurities such fearful persons or countries like to rule the whole world physically, financially and mentally and for this they are constantly engaged in fight/clash or war for physical ruling, manipulating the vast market with Metal Exchanges, currency exchange or stock exchanges boards for financial ruling and manipulation of media and multimedia for mental ruling. Coexistence at equal term frightens them.
(9) Disease/bacteria/Virus spread faster and is in search of easy prey. These disease causing element overpowers the weak, the divided, careless and unprotected and the diseases so infected/ spread, continues till one become aware and starts taking corrective measures; on the other hand body building also can be achieved fast whereas health is a wholesome phenomenon and is a slow process.
-Modus operandi can well be understood by various computer game available for war and winning, looting and cheating, destruction and construction and ruling and subjugation of society and nation.
On the similar questions reply of Mr. Gandhi :
ANS: Your question is not very difficult to answer, and we shall presently be able to examine the true nature of Swaraj; for I am aware that I have still to answer that question. I will, however take up your previous question. The English have not taken India; we have given it to them. They are not in India because of their strength, but because we keep them. Let us now see whether these propositions can be sustained. They came to our country originally for purposes of trade. Recall the Company Bahadur. Who made it Bahadur? They had not the slightest intention at the time of establishing a kingdom. Who assisted the Company’s officers’? Who was tempted at the sight of their silver? Who bought their goods?
History testifies that we did all this. In order to become rich all at once we welcomed the Company’s officers with open arms. We assisted them. If I am in the habit of drinking bhang and a seller thereof sells it to me, am I to blame him or myself’? By blaming the seller shall I be able to avoid the habit? And, if a particular retailer is driven away will not another take his place?
A true servant of India will have to go to the root of the matter. If an excess of food has caused me indigestion. I shall certainly not avoid it by blaming water. He is a true physician who probes the cause of disease, and if you pose as a physician for the disease of India, you will have to find out its true cause.
QST: You may be right. I would like to know your further views on this interesting topic.
ANS: I am afraid that, in spite of your enthusiasm, as we proceed further, we shall have differences of opinion. Nevertheless, I shall argue only when you stop me. We have already seen that the English merchants were able to get a footing in India because we encouraged them. When our Princes fought among themselves, they sought the assistance of Company Bahadur. That corporation was versed alike in commerce and war. It was unhampered by questions of morality. Its object was to increase its commerce and to make money. It accepted our assistance, and increased the number of its warehouses. To protect the latter, it employed an army which was utilized by us also. Is it not then useless to blame the English for what we did at that time? The Hindus and the Mohammedans were at daggers drawn. This, too, gave the Company its opportunity and thus we created the circumstances that gave the Company its control over India. Hence it is truer to say that we gave India to the English than that India was lost.
QST: Will you now tell me how they are able to retain India?
ANS: The causes that gave them India, enable them to retain it. Some Englishmen state that they took and they hold India by the sword. Both these statements are wrong. The sword is entirely useless for holding India. We alone keep them Napolean is said to have described the English as a nation of shopkeepers. It is a fitting description. They hold whatever dominions they have for the sake of their commerce. Their army and their navy are intended to protect it. When the Transvaal offered no such attractions, the late Mr. Gladstone discovered that it was not right for the English to hold it. When it became a paying proposition, resistance led to war. Mr. Chamberlain soon discovered that England enjoyed suzerainty over the Transvaal. It is related that someone asked the late President Kruger whether there was gold in the moon? He replied that it was highly unlikely because, if there were, the English would have annexed it. Many problems can be solved by remembering that money is their God. Then it follows that we keep the English in India for our base self-interest. We like their commerce; they please us by their subtle methods and get what they want from us. To blame them for this is to perpetuate their power. We further strengthen their hold by quarrelling amongst ourselves. If you accept the above statements, it is proved that the English entered India for the purposes of trade. They remain in it for the same purpose and we help them to do so. Their arms and ammunition are perfectly useless. In this connection I remind you that it is the British flag which is waving in Japan and not the Japanese. The English have a treaty with Japan for the sake of their commerce, and you will see that if they can manage it, their commerce will greatly expand in that country. They wish to convert the whole world into a vast market for their goods. That they cannot do so is true, but the blame will not be theirs. They will leave no stone unturned to reach the goal.