READER: I appreciate your views about civilization. What,
then, holding the views you does, would you suggest for making
India mentally free and responsible?
EDITOR: 1) Views alone do not do anything, views are the basis, duty performing is an attitude and karma is the medium and dharma is the way for India or any other country or society for to be mentally free and responsible. When we surrender our karma to the almighty, freedom comes sooner than later. India became slave and appeared to be mentally slave by the acceptance that English are superior and hence adoption of English system of administration, judiciary, media, medical, economic and of mechanization.
It is rule that enemy dies first physically then mentally. Physical freedom has already been achieved, what is required is to get mental freedom and surely we will get it when we work toward it. Current political setup in India is a continuation of system of pre-independence era with same or similar political parties which have more or less similar mind set of operation like that of Britishers (like black British-Kale Angrej) with more or less similar autocratic rules and regulation working on the prima- facie of ruler and ruled. Leaders of these parties still suffer from inferiority complex and consider English as superior.
One or two political parties which come up after independence are losing their relevance as these too are promoting feeling of differentiation of cast/class or region and religion rather than that of integration.
What is needed is to have brand new political parties at national level having local concern and international outlook.
Further you are requested to refer excerpts from topics of Responsibility and Freedom from Mita-Life Style Agenda, before proceeding on this issue:
It is said that with freedom comes the responsibility; it is rather the other way round. When one is responsible, then only one can afford the freedom, otherwise one remains in mental subjugation even when one is physically free.
Paigamber Mohammed was asked by his disciple, ‘are we free or not?
Paigamber Sahab asked the questioner to lift his one leg and disciple followed. The Pagamber ji asked him to lift his second leg. Disciple said it is not possible.
Paigamber Ji said, “We are this much free and this much joined, one is free to lift his one leg and free to decide which one to lift, left or right. When first step is decided and person lifts his one leg, other step has to just follow”.
Born free is a concept limited to one. “Bin pag chale, sunahu bin kana” (One who moves without feet, listens without ear i.e. almighty). We accept the fact with serenity and pray that our first step is of righteousness.
It may be noted that general health and height of male and female also depend on the freedom they enjoy, and can be appreciated by the simple comparison between average health and height in villages, towns, cities, metros and also between pre and post independence period.
With freedom comes responsibility; only responsible, courageous person and society can remain free. Irresponsible person, society or nation loses its freedom and submits to one or the other.
One who is able to stand-alone (though such becomes characterless, unbiased and un-patterned), is free, yet most responsible. As such only brave, courageous who can foray into the hidden future and are responsible can ask, take and afford the freedom whether, its person, press, society or country.
Let us be responsible and remain responsible for our every act (misdeed or deed) as an individual, as a family member, as a common citizen, as an economist, judge, teacher, politician etc then only we can afford freedom and maintain freedom and remain healthy and happy.
On the similar question reply of Mr. Gandhi:
ANS: “I do not expect my views to be accepted all of a sudden. My duty is to place them before readers like yourself. Time can be trusted to do the rest. We have already examined the conditions for freeing India, but we have done so indirectly; we will now do so directly. It is a world-known maxim that the removal of the cause of a disease results in the removal of the disease itself. Similarly if the cause of India’s slavery be removed, India can become free.
QST: If Indian civilization is, as you say, the best how do you account for India’s slavery?
ANS: This civilization is unquestionably the best, but it is to be observed that all civilizations have been on their trial. That civilization which is permanent outlives it. Because the sons of India were found wanting, its civilization has been placed in jeopardy. But its strength is to be seen in its ability to survive the shock. Moreover, the whole of India is not touched. Those alone who have been affected by Western civilization have become enslaved. We measure the universe by our own miserable foot- rule. When we are slaves, we think that the whole universe is enslaved. Because we are in an abject condition, we think that the whole of India is in that condition. As a matter of fact, it is not so, yet it is as well to impute our slavery to the whole of India. But if we bear in mind the above fact, we can see that if we become free, India is free. And in this thought you have a definition of Swaraj. It is Swaraj when we learn to rule ourselves. It is, therefore, in the palm of our hands. Do not consider this Swaraj to be like a dream. There is no idea of sitting still. The Swaraj that I wish to picture is such that, after we have once realized it, we shall endeavor to the end of our life-time to persuade others to do likewise. But such Swaraj has to be experienced, by each one for himself. One drowning man will never save another. Slaves ourselves, it would be a mere pretension to think of freeing others. Now you will have seen that it is not necessary for us to have as our goal the expulsion of the English. If the English become Indianised, we can accommodate them. If they wish to remain in India along with their civilization, there is no room for them. It lies with us to bring about such a state of things.
QST: It is impossible that Englishmen should ever become Indianised.
ANS: To say that is equivalent to saying that the English have no humanity in them. And it is really beside the point whether they become so or not. If we keep our own house in order, only those who are fit to live in it will remain. Others will leave of their own accord. Such things occur within the experience of all of us.
QST: But these things have not occurred in history.
ANS: To believe that what has not occurred in history will not occur at all is to argue disbelief in the dignity of man. At any rate, it behooves us to try what appeals to our reason. All countries are not similarly conditioned. The condition of India is unique. Its strength is immeasurable. We need not, therefore, refer to the history of other countries. I have drawn attention to the fact, that, when other civilizations have succumbed, the Indian has survived many a shock.
READER: What do you say of following statement of Mr. Gandhi?
“If the English vacated India, bag and baggage, it must not be supposed that she would be widowed. It is possible that those who are forced to observe peace under their pressure would fight after their withdrawal. There can be no advantage in suppressing an eruption; it must have its vent. If, therefore, before we can remain at peace, we must fight amongst ourselves, it is better that we do so. There is no occasion for a third party to protect the weak. It is this so-called protection which has unnerved us. Such protection can only make the weak weaker. Unless we realize this, we cannot have Home Rule.
I would paraphrase the thought of an English divine and say that anarchy under Home Rule were better than orderly foreign rule. Only, the meaning that the learned divine attached to Home Rule is different from Indian Home Rule according to my conception. We have to learn, and to teach others, that we do not want the tyranny of either English rule or Indian rule or ruler.”
EDITOR: this statement has two parts and part-wise reply is as follows:
1) It appears to be a fair assessment of the situation and it reflects that Mr. Gandhi knew that there can be an eruption in India. What we have seen in 1947 during partition and thereafter as communal riots including in Gujarat between Hindu and Muslims is exactly what he means when he say “India and Indian people must have its vent, If, therefore, before we can remain at peace, we must fight amongst ourselves, it is better that we do so There is no occasion for a third party to protect the weak. It is this so-called protection which has unnerved us. “Such protection can only make the weak weaker. Unless we realize this, we cannot have Home Rule”. There is no substitute to strength.
2) We have to learn, that we do not want the tyranny of either English rule or Indian rule.”
We are observing that in India after independence there is tyranny of Indian rules in place of foreign rule and definitely this need to be corrected, this is more so because rules, judiciary system, law court, land holding and Zamindar (middleman of Britishers) remained the same.
READER: I cannot follow all this; we are day by day becoming weaker owing to the manipulation of the English system. The English systems are in the power like a blight which we must remove by every means.
EDITOR: What has been discussed appears to be forgotten. To bring back the lost glory not only we have to be mentally free but we have to be free from anarchic system devised by English as well. But let us assume that we have to drive away the English system by fighting, how is that to be done.
On the similar question reply of Mr. Gandhi:
QST: I cannot follow this. There seems little doubt that we shall have to expel the English by force of arms. So long as they are in the country we cannot rest. One of our poets says that slaves cannot even dream of happiness. We are day by day becoming weakened owing to the presence of the English. Our greatness is gone; our people look like terrified men. The English are in the country like a blight which we must remove by every means.
ANS: In your excitement, you have forgotten all we have been considering. We brought the English, and we keep them. Why, do you forget that our adoption of their civilization makes their presence in India at all possible? Your hatred against them ought to be transferred to their civilization. But let us assume that we have to drive away the English by fighting, how is that to be done? READER: In the same way as Italy did it, what was possible for Mazzini and Garibaldi in Italy is possible for us in India? You cannot deny they were great man?