Economy of Agriculture

A) World economy booming or dooming is directly proportional to Agriculture income rising or declining. For the countries like USA, Russia, Canada, Australia and China, agricultural income is taken for granted by virtue of their vast area, and for most of these countries the concept of richness is a new found phenomenon. 'Entire real/actual production comes from livestock and agriculture, and industries are just the processing unit who always give fewer/lesser yields than input'. Agriculture is the only place where one multiplies to hundreds. Whatever comes comes from earth, and that is reason we says the mother earth. Our ancesters maintained that underground deposit need to be reserved and to be kept for emergency and for future generations and entering into sea was limited to the fishing and for fight with the looters. Previously Gangasagar was not disturbed and need not to be disturbed even now and in future.

B) Few countries where land is in abundance, after mechanized farming and have less attachmentment with the land could afford cheap food articles. With this as an example, few economists started saying that food item must be cheap, and as manpower was less in these countries, so its farmer could afford the livelihood at the beginning, later on these countries resorted to direct cash subsidy. Without analyzing in house facts, many countries and many drawing room economists started echoing sentiments that basic food article must be cheap. As these so-called great economists passed out with good mark from good universities, there voices have manipulating effect. Result of this entire phenomenon is that those who are connected with agriculture directly or indirectly became poor and are remaining so i.e. sixty-seventy percent of country’s population is poor because of this count only (It is shame that such economists justify the current fact cheap potato and twenty times costly chips/wafers whereas it can easily be sold at two to three times of the cost of potato.

In order to subdue the voices of these classes and also to console self, these economists along with various reformers started concept of providing help in indirect ways. These so-called great economists started talking of ‘Crutches’ providence of crutches and sometimes even provided the crutches, but these economists never ever taken pain to come out from their den and see the reality and come out with real thing. Others, who are concerned, unfortunately felt suppressed by the weight of these so called great economists and their degrees and portfolios, have hardly raised consistent voice but accepted the regime of subsidies in one way or the other. The subsidies being indirect have found many indirect ways to escape from the real needy, and as such further burdened the small and middle class, agriculturist and other service class. Finding the inverse result of its theory and of alarming poverty, economists (so-called) suggested the public distribution system especially for poor and poorest of poor, which further dampened the growth of lower strata.

The following has to be taken care

1) Rise in the price of agriculture produce to the tune of twenty percent per annum for next few years, so that it reaches the level of at least twenty per cent profit as in industries. Along with price enhancement, simultaneous reduction in the subsidy will have to be made so that habit of moving on crutches goes away.

2) Scrapping of government run public distribution system in phased manner, so that corruption in this sector can be removed. Moreover cost of handling of Food Corporation is very high in comparison to cost of material.

3) Automatic Insurance and loan facility on crops and harvest lying at warehouse to safeguard against any nature’s anger/fury and safety from forced selling of product will have to be started. Insurance can be connected with water/electricity bills, etc. Concept of selling like ex-go-down, ex warehouse, has to be introduced to reduce the malpractice and even harassment technique of middlemen. Electronic selling must be rationalized to smaller/regional level to avoid large scale gambling and stocking. Contract farming needs to be restricted to twenty per cent of farmland per farmer to maintain diversities, fertility and freedom.

4) Rationalization of interest rate on money provided by moneylender and money depositor by taking service of intelligence/secret agency (hidden camera and decoy customer). This is most important, as it is the basic reason of farmers‟ suicide and needs proactive and fast action. Help of intelligence/secret agency will have to be taken to detect and punish such suicide promoter-moneylender. It is unfortunate that many organized banks are also adopting the same practice, which needs to be corrected at first instance. Suicide which started in India is contagious and will take farmer of Asia if not the entire world into its fold. We have to collectively and sternly deal with suicide promoter.

5) Freedom to villagers to make check dams along with some financial contribution.

6) Promotion by society/government for in house technology like disel generating Set being run on Gober Gas(bio gas), solar energy , organic manure, tree plantation, etc.

7) One lab for each block (or even at smaller level) for determining soil quality, weather condition and market condition has to be there, to select the right crop and right plantation and other information.

8) The farmer who grows tree will also be free to cut it as per his need. The farmer and generally everyone respect trees as their friends or their children, so government need not intervene in it.

9) Foreign sale of wood, metal, ore, have to be curbed to maintain ecology, reserve and balance of the country for future generation.

10) To avoid the flood and drought mass tree plantation is the need of the hour, not only in eastern countries but also in western countries, Europe and Africa, with an agreement that they will keep the trees and wood and will not sale to other country. Excessive farming without sufficient tree-covers is making plains as desert espeically in India, Africa and Brazil. Few areas of Bharat, Africa and Brazil need to go for massive tree plantation otherwise this area will develop into desert.

11) The farmer also need to be promoted for multiple source of income from farm and connected activity to avoid helplessness in case of adversities and to prevent developing a feeling of taking extreme steps like running away or suicide under the misconception that ‘death pays all debt and frees one from all responsibilities’. Similar is the case with students of middle class family where failure in education is considered to be failure in earning livelihood and so depletion in so called false pride of parents (Failure in class twelve exam and committing suicide doesn’t free one, only thing is that one has to study again from class first in next birth, in a way a more difficult task, than facing the failure and trying again for betterment).

12) Import duty on food grain has to be maintained sufficiently to safeguard the interest of the country’s farmer and entire Bharat, Latin Amrican and African countries require this; however these countries can have free trade zone for food grain.

13) The country is taking oil field in other countries. Bharat, Latin American and African countries can jointly take up land in other countries for farming and tree plantation purpose.

14) Land record of the entire country must be computerized at the earliest for proper records.

15) Direct subsidy to farmer (small and medium) has to be given equal to five hundred kilogram wheat/Rice per acre/per year, till the price of food grain reaches to appreciable level and indirect subsidies reduced to zero.

Direct subsidy will boost the morale of farmers and by this effort country’s younger lot will automatically divert itself toward agriculture, and this will prove as the highest employment generator.